Now I'm working on another amazing and historically prominent family collection: Voge/Lamp/Wiese

As many know - I just love old farming pictures and here again, I find something I had not scanned before.
I remember the speed jacks driven by the pulleys on tractors and the belting that connects them.
But I have never seen this long of a shaft.
It must be at least 20 feet long - probably more.
Can you image the safety shield it would be required to have today?

I think the man on the right is one of the Lamps
possibly on the Lamp farm southeast of Manning where Glen Eickman lives today.

Lamp threshing - probably southeast of Manning
Gerhardt Voge said the Moeller family had a threshing rig, but hard to say for sure.

Here is a land transfer document that shows the Leet family selling to Jochim "Joe" Lamp.
This is part of the present day Glen Eickman farm.

As you can see there are lots of connections between the Moeller and Voge collections...all of which helps put more pieces of the Manning history puzzle together.

Continued updates to Voge/Lamp feature:
When I think about this and other clubs that once existed in Manning, I wonder where our society is heading today, when communication is almost entirely through a digital device with no one-on-one personal interaction...

Friendly Neighbor Club 1952-53

1952 - 1953 booklet

Friendly Neighbor receipt 1952

Looking for help with IDs in both pictures

Back 7: Babe Musfeldt?, Louise Koester, Emma Musfeldt, Sally Heithoff, ??, ??, Amelia Lamp
Front 6: Ella Fledderman, Jessie Bushman, ??, Minnie Lamp, Eunice Ahrendsen, ??

At the Hugo & Eunice Ahrendsen home south of Manning 1965

4 ladies way in back mostly hidden not identified
Back: Eunice Ahrendsen, Ila Grimm, Loretta Handlos, ??
Third: Ida Struve, Emma Musfeldt, Clara Lamp
Second: Phyllis Lamp, Alta Hansen, Elvia Richards, Rachel Steinke, ??, Marion Ream
Front: Florence Karsten, Elaine Struve, Lola Ahrendsen, Loretta Sextro, Genevieve Handlos, Garnet Stribe

I continue to hear on the news from some factions about "privilege" and is generally coming from people who themselves have no idea how "privileged" they are today - what the Pioneers and farmers years ago had to deal with to make a living and survive. They didn't have time to attend protests or sit around and spout off "opinions" about other people.
I call these types of pictures the "pitchfork" rule...if you have never filled a manure spreader with a pitchfork or made a huge pile during the winter outside the pen using a pitchfork, then don't complain...especially about how someone else or group is privileged.

Farmer moving his bull
Did you notice the snow-covered manure pile which will have to be cleaned up in the spring?

Cleaning the chicken shed with a 9-tine fork (we called a cob fork)...
Note the steel wheeled spreader in the background.

You probably won't find a metal bushel basket anymore - pretty much all plastic now.

I had to laugh when I saw this picture - notice the tree branch that was used to hold up the chicken wire overhead and the smaller branches used to hold the sections of wire together. Over the years of fixing fences and then later removing fences, I noticed that it was very common to find a sapling that was cut up and used as a fence post or branch that was woven in between the barb and hog wire to help hold them together...yes, shortcuts were used by farmers even years ago.

These farm kids were lucky, they had a cistern and gravity hydrant, where earlier, hand pumps were used.
Notice the "push" mower to the left.
I was lucky...
We had power mowers on our farm but I helped my grandfather with his push mower in Aspinwall.

I remember the wonderful smell of freshly ground corn/cobs when scooping it out of a wagon on one end of the feed bunks, and then adding a bucket of protein pellets which also had a great smell.

Almost every farmer had a few sows in the pen with the cattle...especially if the cattle were fed some whole corn which would pass through intact. The sows/pigs would root through the cow patties to find the kernels of corn and other undigested goodies. Gross you say, well if you used a pitchfork you probably wouldn't be bothered and if you consider carrion that predator type birds and animals eat - the food chain cycle of life.

Some farmers liked to have sheep around to "mow" their farm yards and groves.

Not sure if this is an official California license plate - it says "California Horseless Carriage"
As best I can tell this is Charles & Rosalind Hammond and I don't have any background on them.

I'm always looking for the old country school souvenir booklets and fortunately ran into another one...they are rare and hard to find, but very important with expanding on my school database...
It is interesting in how last names are sometimes spelled or misspelled and other errors in these booklets. You would think that these booklets would be nearly error proof but shows how easily errors creep in and then continue on if not corrected.
Based on other information I have on this school and the students I believe Sparvien is misspelled and also the school nickname "Bair" is incorrect...but I'm always open to anyone who can correct me or confirm my information.

I'm also excited to find these booklets because many times there is an oval picture of the teacher on the front cover, which usually was hand-glued to each booklet.
I did not have a picture of this 1905 teacher and don't know how she fits into the Brandhorst families in Manning.
Also notice that I made a very high resolution scan of her picture. The actual photo is about 1.5 x 1 inch in size. As you can see, when even increased in size digitally with high resolution, the quality is very good. Much better than if I had just scanned it actual size and low resolution.

Jessie Lamp was Gerhardt Voge's mother.
Now I could be wrong but I believe Emma "Sparvien" should be Sporwien/Sporven.
One member of the Sporwien family changed their name to Sporven...which complicates things.
"sporven" would be the phonetical way to pronounce Sporwien.
The "w" has the "v" sound and you pronounce the second vowel of "ie" where the "i" is silent and the "e" is pronounced.
Just the opposite with "ei" as in Stein would be pronounced "stine" and NOT "steen."

Helen Brandhorst - teacher

This is one of several sources that shows the school nickname is Bear and not Bair.

The Tollgaard family is one I'm very interested in. My grandfather, Louie Ehrichs' sister, Tena, married Emil Tollgaard. They lived in the Manning area until moving to the Flandreau, South Dakota, area in 1910.

Warren Township mentioned above was later renamed to Ewoldt Township...BUT the city limits of Manning remained as Warren Township. So Manning is in Warren Township, which is within Ewoldt Township - a very unique situation.

I continue to find more amazing images connected to in particular taken in Manning that I have never seen before.
Fortunately I am able to confirm the location from other scanned photos taken at various angles of the same location - scanned from the Dean Hoffmann collection and collections from other sources.
I can even tell a story through pictures because of the nearly endless digital Manning database I've built over the last 23 years.

Another important aspect I continue to find is how our society has changed and sometimes not for the best.
Various debates arise with the US postal system - financial, future, etc. A first class stamp will cost 55 cents reason is competition taking away the USPS business and another one is the digital age (electronic mail for instance), and the generations who commonly mailed letters, Christmas cards, postcards, etc. are quickly disappearing.
What brought about my thoughts above is when I ran across this old bi-fold note that may have been included in letters written to loved ones and friends - encouraging them to write back or send a postcard.
No matter the original purpose...sending handwritten and printed letters or postcard messages is just about a thing of the past - which has many unforeseen negative consequences that we may or may not realize in the future.

While I remember the name of Nice, France, from studying world geography in school, I was never all that good in this subject or interested...but this next postcard jumped out at me when I read where Herman Lamp was in 1919 - Nice, France - then remembering the horrible attack on people in Nice in 2016, when 97 years earlier our soldiers were returning home from defending freedoms in Europe during WWI.

This next picture postcard was unused with no message on back but I am going to assume it is the ship that the Lamp brothers boarded when heading to Europe. If I had more time I would do some searching on the Internet to see if I could find this same postcard and maybe there would be more information about it.

Now this next picture is what I was referring to at the beginning of this thread...It is a very historically unique and priceless image that shows there was a Red Cross fundraiser in Manning during WWI. I can also determine the location by the sign on the building to the left..."Hoffmann & Son - Lumber and Coal."
This event was held just off Center Street, probably on Fourth Street.

The goat was sold for $28 - I assume Ed would be Ed Lamp.

From the Internet:
In 1917, as the United States was sending troops to France to fight in World War I, President Woodrow Wilson called upon the American people to give generously in a spirit of patriotic sacrifice to support the nation in its war efforts. He stated that, “by virtue of my authority as President of the United States and President of the Red Cross, I, Woodrow Wilson, do hereby proclaim the week ending June 25, 1917, as Red Cross Week.” He created a War Council within the Red Cross, to meet the “extraordinary demands which the present war will make upon the services of the Red Cross both in the field and in civilian relief.”
In response to this plea, the American Red Cross (ARC) set up a nationwide fundraising campaign beginning June 18, 1917, to raise over $100,000,000 to aid these efforts.

Here are some very interesting images that show different angles of the Red Cross sale area, and some Hoffmann history.

This building was on the south side of Fourth Street.
You can see the same sign/wording as in the Red Cross sale picture.
Frank Hoffmann is on the horse with Herman Hoffmann standing.

The sign on the south wall of the office says "Fairbanks Standard Scales"
Somewhere in my database I have the names of the people in this picture but I can't find it right now.

I showed this picture to William F. Ohde years ago and he told me this image shows the construction of temporary tracks being laid on Center Street that temporarily connected the original Milwaukee tracks in south Manning to the new construction of the Milwaukee tracks being built in north Manning. They would be able to move supplies from the original depot to the new depot on these temporary tracks. You can see a locomotive in the back of this picture and to the upper right you can see part of the water tower legs.

1923 Hoffmann & Son statement to Manual Lodge #450

Note the H & Son leather patch on the horse.

Hoffmann & Son picking up lumber

Hoffmann Brothers - this is the original location of Hoffmann & Son - south side of Fourth Street.

Hoffmann Brothers on the north side of Fourth Street.

Hoffmann Brothers office (southwest corner of building)

Hoffmann Brothers lumber storage

The Hoffmann family was not only a very important part of Manning's history going back to 1881, they were a very patriotic family. Here are pictures of the various Manning Hoffmanns who served...I'm not going to list the family connections but they all lived in Manning.
There is only one member of this Hoffmann family living in Manning now, and preserving this family's history is very important - and everyone who currently lives in our community owes this family a debt of gratitude.

I'm going to start with John Hoffmann since he gave his life for our country on January 2, 1944, during a mission flight between India and China.

Major John Hoffmann

John Hoffmann - it is easy to forget each Veteran had a childhood.

John Hoffmann - Modern Health Crusade age 14

John Hoffmann MHS 1928

Harry Hoffmann WWI

Robert Hoffmann WWII - standing near the steps of Hoffmann Lumber office.

Harold "Dutch" Hoffmann WWII

Regilda (Hoffmann) Fraser WWII

Lyle Hoffmann WWII

Lamp/Voge history continues:

Herman & Amanda (Koester) Lamp
Koester is part of the Lamp family connections. Amanda Koester married Herman Lamp. She was active in the community over the years and towards the end of her life she donated a lot of money to the community to the point she had nothing left.
She was a wonderful person that I'm glad to have known.
Here are some interesting aspects from the past that are connected to the Koester family.

Ladies Night School 1962 - Christmas recipes by Amanda Lamp

Yummy recipes by Amanda

If you remember the mimeograph, what is the first thing you did when you grabbed a freshly printed page from your teacher???
If you don't remember the scent then you probably were never around a the OSHA toxic waste and hazard crew would probably be called in.

There is something special about the old farm sale bills of years's fliers just don't compare.

Harry Koester 1967 farm sale bill

I was really excited to find this rare certificate...most of these documents have been lost after passing from one generation to the next and sadly end up thrown away because no one bothered to look through old papers and this case it was in a German Savings Bank pouch - an item easily put on an estate sale by a family member who thinks they'll get a couple of bucks for it and not bother to look at the contents or realize the importance to their family history.

As you can see it was folded many times if/when found should never be folded again and put in an envelope to protect it.
Someday I may digitally remove the fold marks and some of the spots of deterioration but for now will take too many hours and I need to continue scanning all of the other documents and pictures in this Voge/Lamp collection.

Without searching my database, I think this is the oldest citizenship paper I've scanned. I haven't run across very many in the hundreds of collections I've scanned but always great to find one more before it ends up falling to pieces or getting thrown away someday in the future.

The pouch that contained the citizenship and other old Lamp connected documents...

This business is now the present-day building/location of the Home Mutual building (721 Third) on the corner and other building that was the old Zerwas Manning Phone building - buildings that I hope will be preserved in the future and not torn down like so many other old wonderful buildings in Manning that have been razed.

I have run into this and similar type German Savings Bank pouches in other family collections and if you have one, I hope you'll donate it to a future Manning Museum.

The Home Mutual business in Manning has a special meaning to me - William Kusel was my great-great-grandfather.
Read below how this business got started...the other bank-connected pictures and items shown are things I've scanned over the last 20 years.

The Home Mutual Insurance Association of Carroll County, Iowa, was born out of necessity and organized for sharing, not profit. The association evolved as needs changed and has been conducting business for the past 128 years. It started in 1878 when a fire on the William Kusel farm five miles north of Manning completely destroyed all of the buildings. Mr. Kusel had no insurance because the large eastern insurance companies would not write insurance out on the Iowa prairie.

Three of Mr. Kusel's neighbors - Wilhelm Pruter, George Lehmkuhl and Dethlef Lehmkuhl contacted 18 of their neighbors. A collection was taken for the purpose of rebuilding. When the project was complete there was money left over and these men started a mutual insurance company, a company which is owned by its policyholders.

The Five Mile House in Crawford County was the location for the first meeting held on June 23, 1878, in which the following officers were elected: Wilhelm Pruter, president; George Tank, secretary and Dethlef Wiese, treasurer. The company name was Der Deutchen Gegenseitigen Feur Versicherungs' Gesellschaft fur Carroll and Crawford Counties and the first policy holders were Henrich Hagge, Otto Kruse, John W Moeller, Jurgen Ohde, Wilhelm Pruter, Claus Thiedeman, Dethlef Wiese and Johann Wiese.

After one year in business, it was reported at the first annual meeting that the company had written 38 insurance policies and had $26,470 of insurance in force. Today this company has over 3000 policies and over $575,000,000 of insurance in force. In 1920 the name changed to Home Mutual Insurance Association of Carroll County, Iowa, and continues under that name.

From 1878 to 1918 all minutes and business transactions of this association were written in the German language, membership was limited to only farmers of German descent who resided in Carroll and Crawford counties. In 1918 business was conducted in English and the restrictions on membership began to include residents of Audubon, Calhoun, Greene, Guthrie, Sac and Shelby counties and continues today in that capacity under its current charter with the Iowa Division of Insurance. Coverage was limited to the fire peril only for the first 10 years. In 1888, coverage included the lightning and wind peril and in 1952, not only was the hail peril added but also town property. Today Home Mutual is very competitive in the insurance industry and writes homeowners' policies, and insures town dwellings and personal property, farm dwellings, farm service buildings and farm personal property against a wide variety of perils.

For the first 78 years of the association, business was conducted in the homes of the secretaries. In 1956 a building was purchased from the Manning Telephone Company and a permanent office was established. In 1983, expansion of the office was necessary and the building next door, formerly the German Savings Bank and later Manning Trust and Savings Bank, was purchased and remodeled. Business today is being conducted out of both of these properties located at 721 Third Street, Manning.

June 22, 1895
At the regular meeting of the German Mutual fire, lightning, wind and cyclone or tornado insurance company, the following officers were elected for the ensuing year: President, Henry Flenker; vice-president, Charles Thiedemann secretary, Henry Sievers; treasurer, Chris Grube. The taxator for Warren Township is John J. Kruse.

The German Mutual fire, lightning, wind and cyclone or tornado insurance company was organized in Hayes Township, Crawford County, in 1879, at that time having but eighteen members. At the present time it has a membership of 580, and the amount of insurance held by these members amounts to $1,011,000. The organization embraces Carroll, Crawford, Shelby, Audubon and Sac counties, and the regular meetings held either at Westside, Arcadia or Manning. The next meeting will be held in this city. At the last meeting there was a cash reserve fund of $3,400. The cost of insuring in the company is one dollar on each thousand per annum, but the members are also liable to special assessments. There has been, however, but two special assessments during the past seven years. Nothing but farm property is insured. The company is in a flourishing condition, and numbers the most prominent German farmers of the five counties among its many members.

Home Mutual Insurance Association
Originated in Crawford County
The Home Mutual Insurance Association was organized in 1878, fifty-three years ago.

Wilhelm Pruter, George Lehmkuhl, and Detlef Lehmkuhl were the original promoters of the company. They agitated the project among their farmer friends and neighbors, until 18 individuals, who had become interested met at the Five Mile House in Crawford County and organized this company.

Wilhelm Pruter was the first president and George Tank the first secretary. At the first annual meeting the secretary's report stated that the amount of insurance in force was $26,479.00. And the following 37 members were enrolled: Heinrich Evers, Paul Grimm, Heinrich Goettsch, Claus Grube, Henry Grube, Chris Grube, Claus Grage, L. Hannemann, Heinrich Hagge, Otto Kruse, Heinrich Kruse, William Kusel, Hans Kruse, Wilhelm Luth, George Lehmkuhl, Detlef Lehmkuhl, Andreas Lentz, John W. Moeller, Peter Moeller, Hans Moeller, Jurgen Ohde, John Oeser, Wilhelm Pruter, Heinrich Plotz, Adam Schneckloth, Nickolas Schuman, Claus Schoel, Heinrich Schroeder, H. N. Schumacher, Claus Thiedemann, Heinrich Vinke, Detlef Wiese, Johann Wiese, Wilhelm Wiese, Michel Wiggers, Carl Weidling and Heinrich Rohwer.

The men who started this company builded better than they knew, for it has had a wonderful half century of success in protecting the farm property of its members, at first against fire only, but later damage by windstorm was added, to the indemnity.

Until a few years ago, only Germans were eligible to membership, but this proviso has been dropped. A majority of the sons of the earlier members who have continued in the vocation of farming have enrolled as members of the company. Heinrich Rohwer, father of August Rohwer, present secretary, and Detlef Wiese, father of Ed. Wiese, present treasurer, were both members the first year.

The officers for the year are: H.D. Hinz, president; Wm. Ewoldt, vice president; August Rohwer, secretary, and Ed Wiese, treasurer; and Board of Directors are: Jasper

Schroeder, C. H. Clausen, and H. E. Kuhl.

The company has at the present time, 1,269 policies in force and carries a risk of $7,020,575.00. In the year from May 1930 to May 1931 the company paid losses to the amount of $18,015.99.
AUG. ROHWER, Secretary.

Note: Claus, Henry, & Chris Grube mentioned above in the secretary's report are also my great-grandfather, William Kusel married Sophia Grube, and William's sister, Ida married Henry Grube.

In 1955 the buildings east of the Manning Phone building burned down. William F. Ohde, assistant fire chief at that time, once told me that the only reason the telephone building didn't burn is because it had a fire-wall between the east buildings.

Now I'm going to repeat my usual message to everyone who has old Manning pictures, history, and memorabilia to contact me so we can get together and I can scan your stuff.
All of the bank items above came from different sources who worked with me and shared what they had...Sadly a lot of it is gone now when these people died and family members either threw away the things I once scanned or they took the items out of town since no parent/grandparent lives here anymore.

I continue to find unique items I've never run into before - making this Lamp collection one of the most unique stashes of WWI history that I've scanned. This is a postcard sent by Herman Lamp to his parents but no date, postmark, location - other than commenting he was at the point of embarkation overseas...all I assume was for security and secrecy reasons.
Then I ran across a postcard picture showing a US bridge being guarded - again no identification of where...I was aware of bridges being guarded during WWII, even the trestle in Manning was guarded, but I had not run across a WWI concern before.

August 10, 1918, post marked Cleveland, Ohio

July 10, 1918 - Hermal Lamp sent this picture/postcard from Camp Dodge, Iowa

Just think, we are into at least 2 generations of our population who have never lived in a world without wireless phones, satellite communication, Internet, etc...only 100 years ago was unheard of technology.
All the more reason to preserve old pictures/postcards like this to help everyone understand how things have changed.

Herman Lamp called by local board

Orren Wyatt - doctor and founder of the Wyatt Hospital
There was a Wohlenberg family in Manning but not sure if this one is connected.

Herman Lamp - War Risk Insurance June 1, 1918

Joe & Agnes (Wiese) Lamp home and 4 of the 9 children
There was only one girl, Jessie, who is Gerhardt Voge's mother.
Gerhardt will be 97 this year, so this picture is over 100 years old.

I've run into and scanned this postcard before but this one was not postally used and in nearly perfect condition.
There were several types of "welcome home" postcards at the end of WWII, which had space on back for basic information to let loved ones know the soldier has returned home.

Somewhere in France!
So common in WWI letters...

September 24, 1918

May 28, 1918

The U.S. Congress chartered the American Legion on September 16, 1919.

As I continue to dig through the boxes and tubs of old pictures and history in the Voge/Lamp collection, I find all kinds of amazing items I've never seen before and am really excited to find a lot of WWI memorabilia from the Lamp brothers.

I've gone through a lot of old family collections and very few have the WWI stuff that this Lamp collection does - it's mostly been thrown away in other family collections, OR lost in some trunk/attic that no one pays attention to.
Last November we celebrated the 100th Anniversary of Armistice Day...I documented that event on Main Street on November 11, 2018, by taking pictures and recording audio, but one thing I failed to insist on was taking a formal group picture of the Color & Honor Guard.

Now another 100th anniversary will be celebrated this fall. Sadly, this year will probably also be the end of Emil Ewoldt Post #22...the building is for sale.

I know this is a very difficult decision for many of the members who honorably served our country and this community...many for over 50 years. But like so many organizations and small communities it is a numbers game - the old members of the community are almost gone...the ones who volunteered in large numbers and sought to make this a great community, and in general today there are less young people to replace them.
I think all the more reason to preserve our history so the younger generations and future generations will understand why they have the life-style they live in and that it takes a lot of hard work and volunteering to maintain a strong and vibrant community.

Here are some Lamp examples of history.

Gerhardt & Herman Lamp WWI Veterans who fought overseas

Herman Lamp 1969 Fifty-year membership card

Herman Lamp 1969 Fifty-year membership card

Note to Herman by WWII Veteran & Manning Postmaster, Paul Vollmer

1969 commemorative stamp celebrating the 50th anniversary
This stamp was given to Herman Lamp as a kind gesture by Paul.

Paul Vollmer
The only military picture I have of Paul which came from the VFW box of pictures
I have very little information about Paul's service.

May 12, 1949
Manning Monitor

Paul Vollmer, World War II veteran and manager of Thrifty Food Market, received the appointment as acting postmaster of Manning succeeding Mrs. Kathryn Eden, who has held the position since 1936.

Herman Lamp qualified February 21, 1918, by the Carroll County Board

Certification card

Embroidered postcard June 1, 1919, Herman & Gerhardt Lamp at Camp Merritt, New Jersey.

August 2, 1918

In Buffalo, New York

Lamp boys back home

Lamp boys back home

I was assuming that this is the ship the Lamps returned home on but not until the postcard above listed the ship name, did I know for sure.


In 2011, I started working with Gary Knueven who had many of the old Legion record books and documents, and I digitally scanned over 100 items.

Most people today have no idea why/who the Manning American Legion Post was named after - and that this is NOT just another old building in Manning. If you don't know then you can find out below if you take the time to read the information.

Emil Ewoldt KIA WWI

Emil Ewoldt temporary burial location in France.

Manning's American Legion Post was founded in July 1919, just one year after Emil Ewoldt, the first casualty from this community, made the supreme sacrifice. Emil, son of William and Margaret Ewoldt, died in France of wounds suffered in action during the battle of "Chateau Thierry." He was 30 years old and served in the 4th Infantry Division.

The post's first official meeting was held July 1, 1919, in the meeting place owned by George Dethlefs, above the Crystal Theater. Charter members included Walter F. Grantz, H.A. Claussen, Emil J. Kuhl, William Dunnick, H.E. Claussen, Henry Weideman, Marvin M. Meyers, Louis L. Vogt, Herbert L. Blair, Orrin V. Bailey, William G. Mergele, Erwin H. Moser, John Roggendorf, Claude J. Kruse, Jessie LeRoy Barnes, William F. Reinhold, Jay Bingham, George E. Weidner, Carl P. Eiffler, Herman Wunder, Ralph W. Moser, Roy E. Lawbaugh, Ben M. Torgerson, Peter F. Hansen, Henry Dethlefs, Alfred A. Boss, Albert C. Jansen, Charles Scott. The only known living charter members are Peter F. Hansen and Marvin M. Meyers.

Walter Grantz was the first commander; Jesse LeRoy Barnes, vice-commander; Roy E. Lawbaugh, adjutants Ernest Dee Sutherland, finance; Henry Brandhorst, historian; and Emil Dethlefs, master-of-arms.

The task of drafting a constitution and by-laws was given to a committee consisting of Carl P. Eiffler, William F. Reinhold, Peter H. Kuhl, and Ernest Dee Sutherland. Civil War Veterans and Spanish American War Veterans were made honorary members of the organization in March, 1920. Meeting nights were the first Monday of each month later changed to first Thursday, which is still in effect.

In the effort to become established, many athletic events such as wrestling, football, and baseball were sponsored. Initially, a phonograph provided music for fund raising dances. On November 11, 1919, the first Armistice Day dance, an annual event for thirty years, was held by the fledgling post.

Since May 2, 1921, the post's ceremonial team, honor guard, firing squad, and pall bearers, have attended funerals of servicemen, and since 1928, presented the flag used to the family. Each grave is registered and kept on file. The Legion has had charge of Memorial Day services, and in late years co-operated with other patriotic organizations in a joint service. For years, the Ceremonial team visited Templeton and Halbur cemeteries on Memorial Day, continuing to the present time at Templeton.

Many worthwhile civic improvements had their beginning in this active post, such as the city park, in April 1923, trees were planted as living memorials to servicemen who paid the supreme sacrifice.

In October 1923, the post sponsored the placement of flags in front of business firms on holidays. A few years following World War II, the current light pole display of flags on Main Street was initiated.

In September of 1925, it started the annual fall celebration, known as "Carnival Days", which continued until the mid-1950s. December of 1926, it campaigned for and started street lighting during the Yuletide Season. For a number of years, beginning in December of 1928, the post sponsored the awarding of a scholarship medal, in co-operation with school officials.

As early as December, 1925, the post provided the hall and equipment for the Boy Scout troupe, and in November, 1929, they sponsored it completely in 1931, the post added sponsorship of a junior Legion baseball team to its sports activities.

"Welcome to Manning" signs and "Protect our Children" were erected along highway 141 in May, 1931, and the post was instrumental in arranging a celebration upon completion of said highway pavement.

In 1932 a Drum and Bugle Corps was formed of Legion members. Many prizes were won in competition.

As early as 1933 a home of its own was discussed. In February of 1937, land was purchased and actual work began on the $15,000 structure on August 28, 1938.

The Legion has sponsored a local boy to Iowa's Boys' State since 1938, with the exception of two years, one when no state was held due to the war.

Alvan Hansen was the first Boys' Stater sponsored by the post. His and Elaine's three sons also were Legion Boys' Staters.

In 1934, the Post began supporting a bowling team, and the Emil Ewoldt Post entry won the American Legion State Championship in 1969. Team members were; Alfred Ahrendsen, Merlin Struve, Ralph Hagedorn, Merlin Hargens and Paul Volquartsen.

Supervised playground for Manning children in the city park was one of the Post's activities in 1942 and 1943. They also sponsored "Teen Age Nite" in 1945. During World War II, the local paper, the Manning Monitor, was sent to 333 men in service. Christmas cards and gifts were also sent.

For several years, beginning in 1947, the Legion sponsored "Golden Gloves" entrants, several of whom went as far as state finals.

The post has sponsored cribbage and skate tournaments, the latter bringing contestants from all over the state; Red Cross swimming lessons for the local children has been sponsored by the post beginning in 1953.

A new program called "Toys for Tots" was started in December, 1955. In 1956, more new picnic tables were added to the city park, plus repairing and repainting the old equipment.

March 16, 1969, the Post celebrated its Golden Anniversary with an Open House. On April 26 of that year, a supper and program honored all 50 year members.

Memorial Day 1972 marked the beginning of the impressive Avenue of Flags project. Starting with 75 casket flags contributed by veterans' next of kin, the number has increased to over 100 flags, which are placed in both the city and Catholic cemeteries.

In 1978, the American Legion and Auxiliary started a remodeling project on their building, with windows being replaced, ceiling lowered, walls paneled and insulated, plus a new heating system and air-conditioning added, along with a speaking system.

At a banquet on January 31, 1981, National American Legion Diamond Jubilee Certificates were presented to five members having 60 or more years of continuous membership. Commander Robert Barsby presented certificates to three honorees: Harry Hinz, Herman Lamp, and Herman Pahde. Certificates were sent to Peter F. Hansen, Sarasota, Florida, and Henry Meyers, Iowa City, Iowa.

The list of Commanders, 1919 to 1981 is, 1919, Walter Grantz; 1920, Ernest Dee Sutherland; 1921, L. Davitt; 1922, Jesse LeRoy Barnes; 1923, Charles Petersen; 1924, William Mergele; 1925, Herbert Blair; 1926, Dr. Virgel R. Anderson; 1927, A.E. Welliver; 1928, Roy Cole; 1929, Algot Jacobsen; 1930, Emil Kuhl; 1931, Fred Petersen; 1932, Peter F. Hansen; 1933, Jesse LeRoy Barnes; 1934, F.J. Mentzer; 1935, Hans Musfeldt; 1936, Tony Mergele; 1937, Dr. Raymond B. Kelsey; 1938, Henry J.M. Hansen; 1939, Henry E. Meyers; 1940, Dr. Arthur F. Smith; 1941, Robert Campbell; 1942, William C. Schrum; 1943, Jay Bingham; 1944, John Schroeder, 1945, Otto Popp; 1946, Pete Kuhl; 1947, Ray Pratt; 1948, Dr. Joe Loucks; 1949, Harold Calvert, 1950, Glen Jensen; 1951, Ed Callen; 1952, Amos Rutz; 1953, Elroy Schrum; 1954, Eldis Weems; 1955, Orren Ramsey; 1956, Joe Horbach; 1957, Don Wiese; 1958, Clarus Heithoff; 1959, Norman Kuker; 1960, Lyle J. Joens; 1961, Lyle G. Hansen; 1962, Alvan Hansen; 1963, Amos Misselhorn; 1964, Gilbert Peters; 1965-66, Herbert Bruhn; 1967, Eugene Case; 1968, Loyd Borkowski, 1969, Eugene Schatz; 1970, Virgil Reid; 1971, Bill Nelson; 1972, Hermon Ploen; 1973, John Dentlinger; 1974, Daru Ross 1975, John Ramsey, Jr.; 1976, Dennis L. Erb; 1977, Lyle Borkowski; 1978, Gary Jones; 1979, Steven McCollum; 1980, Ronald Vogl; 1981, Robert Barsby.
Post membership for 1981 is a record, 242.

On April 27, 1923, plaques were staked next to newly planted trees in the city park, to honor the 8 Manning Veterans who died serving during WWI.
Each marker was attached to a 2 feet long 1/4 inch rod which was placed in the ground next to each soldier's honor tree.
The marker is 1/4 inch thick cast steel 7 1/2 x 4 inches.
Gary Knueven found these plaques in the Legion Hall attic July 10, 2012, after I told him about a map of trees with plaques I found in the old Legion record book I scanned.
One plaque was not found - Fred Passick.

Map of tree/plaque locations made by Peter F. Hansen.

American Legion To Observe 50th Anniversary
Emil Ewoldt Unit #22, American Legion Auxiliary, will hold open house on Sunday afternoon, March 16, at the American Legion Hall, in observance of the Golden Anniversary of the American Legion.

Hours for the event are 2:00 until 4:00, and the general public is urged to attend. There will be no formal program, but the history of the Legion and the Auxiliary will be displayed in various ways.

Special invitations have been issued to Manning's fifty year Legion members and Gold Star members of the unit, as well as to State, District and County officers and Manning's civic organizations.

Following is an article submitted to the Monitor explaining how Emil Ewoldt Post No. 22 of the Manning American Legion Post received its name.

They adopted the name of the first serviceman killed in World War I - Emil W. Ewoldt.

Emil was born July 14, 1888, at Aspinwall, Iowa. He was the son of William and Margaret Ewoldt. There were four brothers, Henry, Willie, and John, who are all deceased. A brother Alfred is living near Vail. Also one sister, Mrs. Laura Hell, living in Manning. Three of his brothers, Willie, Alfred, and John were also in the service.

He attended country school around Aspinwall, and enlisted in the Army on September 17, 1917, at Denison, Iowa.

Private Ewoldt was sent to Camp Dodge for his training from September 17, to May 10, 1918. He went to Brest, France, on the ship USS Princess Matoika which landed May 21, 1918. He was with the 47th Infantry.

Private, 1st Class Emil W. Ewoldt was killed, by shrapnel, in battle at the Argonne Forest, on October 18th, 1918. He was brought back home and buried in the Manning Cemetery.

On July 1st, 1919, several Manning Veterans held the first official meeting of the American Legion of Iowa, namely the Emil Ewoldt Post No. 22.

The meeting was called to order at 8:30 p.m. with Harry Claussen acting as chairman protem.

A motion was made and carried that all officers of this organization be elected by acclamation.

The following officers were elected: Commander, Walter Grantz; Vice Commander, Roy Barnes; Adjutant, R. E. Lawbaugh; Finance, D. Sutherland; Historian, Henry Brandhorst; and Master-of-Arms, Emil Dethlefs.

1922 membership card

June 2, 1919 Charter
Note the insect chewing damage on the lower left side.

Charter members

Constitution - page 1

Constitution - page 2

April 28, 1922

Charter members

For decades I was looking for someone who had the IDs for this next picture and I showed it to dozens of old timers over the years but they only came up with a few names...It wasn't identified in the 1981 Manning Centennial book or dozens of other original prints of it I ran across, but then in 2007 while going through the Lola (Hansen) Ahrendsen collection I ran across another original and included with the picture was a hand-written list of names...FINALLY!!! I found the names for this wonderful historical picture.
Back: Henry Joens, Hans Musfeldt, Henry J.M. Hansen, Earl Jentsch, Henry Dethlefs, Henry Meyers, Kenneth "Happy" Dusenberry, Lawren Stoelk, Emil Jansen, William Schrum, Bob Rudnick, Herbert Schelldorf
Middle: Bill Struve, John Schroeder, Frank Mentzer, Grover Steen, Roy Barnes, Raymond B. Kelsey
Front: Lionel James Surridge (drill master), Ledger Free, Roy Cole, Herman Wunder, Peter F. Hansen (drum major), Emil Kuhl, ?Lawrence? "Penny" Jentsch, Henry Lippold

Uniforms purchased in 1948 for $642.60

Eddie Callen, Herman Grau, John Joens, Eddie Johnson, Harold Calvert, ??, Eldis "Bud" Weems, August Stangl, William Muhlbauer, Jack Peters, Orren Ramsey, Ray Pratt, John Schroeder, ? Steen, Paul Vollmer, Albert Stoelk, Henry Dethlefs, William Schrum, Ray Schrum, Elmer Schelldorf

Other members of the team not in the picture: John Dentlinger, Eugene Schatz, Elroy Schrum, Clarus Heithoff, Loyd Borkowski, Charley "Burl" Weems, Gilbert Peters, Gene Case, Herbert Bruhn

I hope by showing all of these pictures and providing some in-depth information about the Manning American Legion and hall that more people will appreciate history and the importance of preserving it - and the building...

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