Back: Lizzie Lamaack, Amelia Walter, Ida Marie Pfoltner, Amanda Wenzel, Emma Thomssen; front: Anna Schacht, Henry Kai (father), Siena (mother), Henrietta Hageman

Seven daughters were born to Henry and Siena Kai. All were born on the 240 acre Crawford County farm, purchased in 1883.

Siena Jensen was born in Schleswig Holstein, Germany in 1857, and came to the U.S. in 1872. She worked as a maid until she married Henry Kai in 1880. Henry Kai also had emigrated from Deutschland to this country.

In Germany hard times prevailed; it was impossible to start with nothing or even fine jobs. On approaching this wonderful land of ours, the welcoming statue in N.Y. Harbor seemed to say, "Welcome. Everything is possible here." And so they found it.

Henry Kai was a good farmer and in 1910, Henry and Siena with daughter Henrietta (Hattie) retired to Aspinwall. They eventually bought the home at 121 Second St. in Manning, near the Zion Lutheran Church. Grandma Kai was a devout and faithful member of the church, attending regularly German services by Rev. J.M. Ansorge.

Thirty grandchildren were born into the Kai family. Ten are now deceased. Living in this area are: Malinda Walter Vinke, Manning; Alva Schacht Fuss, Manning; Phyllis Pfoltner Callender, Manning; Lorene Pfoltner Pfannkuch, Manning; Edna Lamaack Meggers, Aspinwall; Harry Lamaack, Botna; Anna Lamaack Saunders, California; Merle Thomssen, Manilla; Estella Thomssen Schrum, Manilla; Donna Schacht Mahnke, Manilla; Virgene Schacht Kuns, Templeton; Joan Hageman Schreader, Clark, South Dakota; Henry Wenzel, Vail; Emma Wenzel Saunders, Walnut; Arlene Walter Elwell, Charter Oak; Cecil Walter Sievertsen, Harlan; Louis Walters, Council Bluffs; Ivan Walter, Worthington, Minn.; and Harold Pfoltner, Lincoln, Nebraska.

The Kai farm was sold to Charles McCone, Manilla, in 1943. In 1969 it was resold to Donald Hinners, Manning.

Continued from page 330


Mr. and Mrs. August Karsten, son Harry and daughter Leona Brus

August Karsten was born December 18, 1884, in Carroll County, Manning. His parents were Wilken and Magdalena Karsten. He attended the rural schools. On January 13, 1909, he married Bertha Mohr, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Gustav Mohr. Bertha was born in Carroll County, on November 6, 1887. She attended the rural schools.

They lived on their own 120 acre farm north of Manning. They were the parents of two children. Harry was born November 6, 1909. Leona, Mrs. William Brus, was born May 2, 1914. Bernice, daughter of Emil and Lena Karsten, came to make her home with August and Bertha in 1921, after the death of Bernice's mother. Bernice was born March 24, 1921. She made her home with them until 1936.

August died November 17, 1945, and his wife Bertha died September 28, 1942.

On October 10, 1940, Harry Karsten married Alice Bahr, daughter of Hannas and Amanda Nobiling Bahr of Breda. Alice was born March 30, 1909, in Crawford County. Harry and Alice continued to live on the home place, later purchasing another 80 acres. They were the parents of a son Duane, born October 11, 1943, and a daughter Shirley, born June 26, 1947. When they retired, Harry, Alice and Shirley moved to South Manning, and son Duane took over the farming in 1972.


Emil Karsten (1884--June 8, 1949) was one of 10 children of Wilken and Lena Moeller Karsten. Emil married Caroline Plahn, one of nine children of William and Emma Konnekamp Plahn (Pierce, Nebraska) on April 30, 1919. Emil farmed 1 1/2 miles northwest of Manning all his life.

Emil's daughter Bernice was born March 24, 1921. Her mother died one month later and until the time she was 15, Bernice's home was with her father's twin brother August. At 15 she joined her father at his home, until she married Harold Schroeder on March 27, 1940. Harold Schroeder was the son of Mr. and Mrs. Hermuth Schroeder of Aspinwall.

They still live on the farm and have two sons, David William at home and Thomas Harold of Laurel, Maryland, married to Peggy Lensing of Colorado Springs July 24, 1971. Thomas and Peggy have two children, Thomas Jacob and Tamara Leigh.


In about 1913, we had a rural school teacher who lived in Carroll. Her name was Mary Meies, and she rode the NorthWestern train to the road crossing south of what is now known as Wiese & Sons' farm. She then walked 1 1/2 miles south to the Sunny Hill School.

---Alice Grau

Shaklee Products - Elvia Richards

Karen Rowedder Beauty Shop

Continued from page 331


Henry Karsten Family
Back: Edna Sonksen, Lester, Rosella Hargens; front: Florence Schroeder, Henry, Emma and Elaine Struve

Henry Wilken Karsten was born in Brunsbuttel, Schleswig Holstein, Germany. He came to America with his parents at the age of four. The family settled near Westside. Later his parents purchased a farm north of Manning.

In 1905, Henry married Emma Ruhde. They lived on various farms around the Manning area, later purchasing land two miles north and 1/2 mile east of Manning. They built a home on this land, living there until retiring. They were blessed with six children: Rosella, Lester, Edna, Florence, Elaine and one died in infancy.

Rosella married Roy Hargens. They lived in the Manning area for a number of years, and then moved to Oregon. Rosella still resides there with her family of four children: Delores, Robert, Gary and Kenneth. She has 15 grandchildren and four great-grandchildren.

Lester married Florence Lamp and they have always lived in the Manning area. They have two children: Joyce and Lyle, a daughter-in-law Judy and grandson, Adam.

Edna married Joe Sonksen. They lived in Manning and Sioux City, and upon retirement moved back to Manning. They have a daughter Barbara, son-in-law Gale Rundell and grandson, David.

Florence married Merlin Schroeder and they have always lived in the Manning area. They have two sons: Ronald and Keith, a daughter-inlaw, Faith and two grandchildren, Elizabeth and John.

Elaine married Merlin Struve and they have always lived in the Manning area. They have one daughter, Frances, and a son-in-law Robert Haack.

Bruhn Angus

Continued from page 332


Wilken Karsten was born July 22, 1838. His wife, Magdalena Moeller Karsten, was born August 6, 1843. They were born and married in Eddlelock, Germany. They came to America in 1883, settling in Westside and later purchasing a farm 13/4 miles north of Manning. They were blessed with 10 children: Peter, Maggie, Hannes, Mary, Claus, Henry and Kate born in Germany, and Emma and twin boys August and Emil were born in the United States. Wilken died on May 11, 1914, and Magdalena died April 4, 1918.

Peter married Anna Opperman and they were the parents of Wm., Hugo, Louie, Walter, John, Albert, Katherine and Minnie. Maggie married Wm. Opperman and they were the parents of Lena, Emil, Rudolph and Mamie. Hannes married Anna Hagedorn and they were parents of twins, Verna and Viola. Mary married Gus Vinke and they were parents of Lena, Henry, Julius, Amelia and LeRoy. Claus never married. Henry married Emma Ruhde and they were parents of Rosella, Lester, Edna, Florence and Elaine. Kate married Herman Rowedder and they were parents of Emma, Herbert, Elsie and Ivan. Emma married Walter Laurinet and they were parents of Harry, Helen and Elvin. August married Bertha Mohr and they were parents of Harry and Leona. Emil married Lena Plahn and they were parents of one child, Bernice. The ten children are deceased, but quite a few of their children are living in the Manning vicinity.

The Karsten farm is still in the family. After the death of the parents, it belonged to sons Claus and Emil. Later it belonged to grandson Emil Opperman and now by great-grandson George Opperman, who resides on the farm with his wife, May, and their family of six children.


Almost all of our clothing was made out of feed sacks. The pretty prints were for our dresses and the plain ones were for our undergarments. We hated it when Mom happened to use a feed sack from Red Comb chicken feed because the picture of the rooster with the red comb wouldn't wash out of the sack and Mom invariably got that part right in the back of our underpants and it showed when the wind blew our dresses a bit.

---Eldora Hinz Hofvander


When my dad, Theodore Stuhr, raised mules. We would take them out on plowed ground to break them, and they bucked us off as fast as we could get on.

John Musfeldt bought a team from dad, paying $50 per mule. They lived to be 30 years old.

Jurgen Hinz had a mule that he sold to a road gang, but that mule always came back home. He jumped all gates and fences, and could somehow open barn doors, too. They finally gave up and kept it at home.

---Ed Stuhr


Boniface Kasperbauer

Francis X., son of Sebastian Kasperbauer, was born in Bavaria, Germany in 1858. In 1882 Francis married Frances Pfeffer, daughter of the Wolfgang Pfeffers. They came to America in 1890 and settled in Roselle, where Boniface was born i n 1890.

In 1917, Boniface married Bernadina Mersman, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Joe Mersman of Halbur. They lived most of their married life on the 'Tate' farm, in Ewoldt Township, with their seven children.

Jerome, 1920, is married to Margaret Starman. They have two children and live on a farm east of Manning; Genevieve, 1921, married Henry Handlos, has three children and they farm south of Manning; Raymond, 1923, has six children and lives in Council Bluffs; Francis, 1925, died at the age of eighteen months; Dorothy, 1928, married Orville Kerkhoff, they have eight children and farm in Audubon County; Bonita, 1930, married John Kahler, they have five children and live in Cheyenne, WY; Donald, 1932, married Marie Klein of Manilla, they have eight children and live on a ranch near Spaulding, Nebraska.

Mrs. Kasperbauer passed away in 1933 and Boniface had to fill the spot of both mother and dad for his family of small children. He was killed in a car accident in 1964.

Continued from page 333


Jerome Kasperbauer Family
Back: Jerome, Dwight Hazen, Pam and David Kasperbauer; front: Michael, Margaret, Jeremy Kasperbauer, Mary and Mark Hazen

Francis X. Kasperbauer was born in Bavaria, Germany in 1858. He was the son of Sebastian Kasperbauer. As a lad of 12, Francis purchased an English dictionary and learned the English language. In 1880 he sailed to America and in 1881 began farming 240 acres in Section 17, Eden Township. He raised Shorthorn cattle, Poland China hogs and Belgian Horses.

While still in Germany, he had married Frances Pfeffer, the daughter of Wolfgang Pfeffer. They had 13 children. Frances, Frank and Joe died in Germany as infants; and Paul, Rupert, Boniface, Herman, Sylvester, John, Frank, Peter, Fred and Elenora.

Boniface was born at Roselle in 1890 and married Bernadina Mersman, the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Joe Mersman of Halbur, in 1917. They had seven children: Jerome, Genevieve, Raymond, Francis (died at 18 months), Dorothy, Bonita, and Donald. They farmed 160 acres in Ewoldt Township, Section 24, raising cattle, hogs and sheep. Bernadina died in 1933 and Boniface was killed in a car accident in 1964.

In 1940 Jerome married Margaret Starman, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Henry Starman. They had three children: David, Judy (died at 8 months) and Mary. They farm 192 acres in section 14, Ewoldt Township.

David married Pamela Pelican, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. David Pelican, in 1971. They have two children Michael and Jeremy, and David works for Imp. Mgf. Co. in Fort Dodge.

Mary is an R.N. and works at Mercy Hospital in Council Bluffs. In 1973 she married Dwight Hazen, son of Mr. and Mrs. Wayne Hazen. They have a son Mark. Dwight is a diesel mechanic.

Templeton Savings Bank

Continued from page 334


John and Clara Kasperbauer

John S. Kasperbauer was born near Templeton March 28, 1896, a son of Frank Xavier and Frances Pfeffer Kasperbauer. He attended Sacred Heart School in Templeton and served overseas in World War I in the U.S. Army. He married Clara Balk, daughter of Mike and Catherine Venteicher Balk of Willey, on January 10, 1928. March 1, 1928, John and Clara moved to a farm 23/4 miles north of Manning where they resided until John's death on November 26, 1976. John was a member of the American Legion and Past Commander of the VFW. The couple had nine children and were members of Sacred Heart Church in Manning. All nine children received their grade school education in a one-room country school two miles north of Manning and graduated from Manning High School.

Dr. Mike Kasperbauer is a plant physiologist with the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agricultural Research, U. of Kentucky, Lexington. He married Isabel Giles in 1962 and their children are Kitty, John, Paul and Sandy.

Marian Fitzsimmons is an R.N. and insurance agent. She married Fred Fitzsimmons in 1958; he is a farmer and owner of Vail Insurance Agency, Inc. Their children are Jeff, Jean Marie, Ann, John Pat and Jim.

Patty Sheets is an office assistant with the federal agency Farmers Home Administration, ipton. Her children are Todd and Ann.

Dr. Larry Kasperbauer is a professor of Sociology and Director of the Community Development Institute at the U. of Guam. He married Carmen Artero in 1958. Their children are Kevin, Karen, Brian, Steven and Teresa.

Lt. Colonel James Kasperbauer is a USAF Navigator-Professor/Commander of Aerospace Studies at Memphis State U., Memphis, Tenn. He married Margaret Craig in 1971. Their children are Susan, Jean and Jamie.

Lt. Colonel Gerald Kasperbauer is a USAF Pilot and an Assistant Air Attache in the American Embassy, Ottawa, Canada. He is married to Jan Nugent in 1969, and their children are Charles and Kelly.

Major Patrick Kasperbauer is a U.S. Army Professor of Military Science, R.O.T.C., Bemidgi State U., Bemigdi, Minnesota. He married Kathy Meiers in 1968 and their children are Kim, Jenny and Patrick.

Lonnie Kasperbauer is a former U.S. Army Captain and Pilot. His present occupation is a supervisor at the Great Plain Bag Co., Des Moines. His children are Keslie and Travis.

Linda Johanson is an Iowa State graduate. She married attorney Steven Johanson in 1973. They live in Forst City and have one child, Christopher.

Rohe's 66 Service -- Dave Rohe

Continued from page 335


Paul Kasperbauer Family
Back: Catherine Irlbeck, Frank, Loretta Venteicher; front: Paul Jr., father, mother, and Hilda Vogl

Paul John Kasperbauer was born January 10, 1885, in Auerback, Bei Rumanfelden, Bayern, Germany. He came to the United States at the age of five with his parents, Frank X. and Franzisfa (Pfeffer) Kasperbauer and settled near Roselle. He had eight brothers, Boniface, Rubert, John, Herman, Frank, Fred, Joseph, and Sylvester; also two sisters, Mrs. Frank (Frances) Sturm and Mrs. Michael (Elenora) Hayes.

April 26, 1910, Paul was married to Catharin Hacker of Templeton. After their marriage they lived on a farm near Dedham for seven years. Their children, Frank, Mrs. Edward (Catherine) Irlbeck and Mrs. Edward (Loretta) Venteicher, were born here.

In 1917 they purchased a farm three miles southeast of Manning. This 160 acres was first bought from the government in 1859 for $8.00 an acre. It is believed that the original part of the house is around 120 years old. Since then many improvements have been made. They lived here for 10 years and here Mrs. Felix (Hilda) Vogl, and Paul Jr. were born.

In succeeding years Paul acquired another 840 acres of land in different areas between Manning and Templeton. All but one farm still remain in the family. In 1927 he bought a farm south of Templeton where they lived for 21 years, before retiring to 49 May Street in Manning.

Paul died in 1970 at the age of 85 years, and Catharin has made her home at the Manning Plaza for the past three years.

Rural Electric Coop

Continued from page 336


Richard and Sharon Kelderman, sons Brian and Eric

In August of 1962 Richard Keith Kelderman and his new wife Sharon Schrum Kelderman set up housekeeping in Manning. He had finished four years in the U.S. Coast Guard and she had just graduated from Iowa Lutheran Hospital School of Nursing in Des Moines.

Richard (better known as Keith) is the son of Willy and Kathryn Glover Kelderman of Knoxville. He has one sister and three brothers. Keith's paternal grandparents emigrated from Holland to Pella as teenagers.

Sharon is the oldest daughter of Elroy and Darlene Boeck Schrum of Manning. She has three brothers (Stan, Steve, and Skip) and three sisters (Sue, Sandy and Sheila).

Keith was originally employed by Miller Implement and then the Manning Natural Gas Dept. Later he became a State of Iowa employee at the liquor store. In November of 1967 he began working for The First National Bank as assistant cashier.

Sharon has been employed by the Manning General Hospital as a registered nurse since 1962.

Keith and Sharon were blessed by two children: Brian Keith, born in 1965, and Eric John, born in 1969.

Keith was the charter president of the Manning JayCees, helping with the organization of the club. He served on the Municipal Gas Board and the Municipal Swimming Pool Board, and the Community School Board for six years.

Sharon and Keith and boys are members of the United Methodist Church in Manning.



Dr. Raymond B. Kelsey of Belle Plaine, Iowa, opened a dental practice in Manning in June, 1924, after graduating from the University of Iowa. In 1926 he married Florence M. Meyers, daughter of Henry W. Meyers. One son, Donn, was born of this marriage.

Dr. Kelsey, who served in the Army in WW I, was on the Building Committee of the Legion Hall and was the manager of the Legion Drum & Bugle Corps. In May of 1941 he was called into service and for the next five years served in the U.S. Army Dental Corps; he was sent to Europe with the 133rd Evacuation Hospital. He returned to Manning at the end of the war and resumed his practice. He was elected Mayor of Manning for one term, in the year 1946-47, and was again called back into service in 1948. For the next 12 years he served in various parts of the United States and in Okinawa during the Korean War. Dr. Kelsey retired with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel from the United States Air Force in July, 1959.

His son, Donn Kelsey, received a degree in Business Administration at Sacramento State College and he too went in the U.S. Air Force. While there he received a Masters degree in Hospital Administration from Northwestern University. In 1974, after serving in medical facilities in the U.S., Europe, and Asia during both the Koren and Vietnam Wars, Donn also retired from the USAF as a Lieutenant Colonel.

All Kelseys now live in California, but both are still members of Emil Ewoldt Post No. 22 of the American Legion.


Lorenz Kelting was born April 10, 1862, in Langenhorn, Kreis Husum, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany, and he came to this country at the age of 21. He was married to Anna Waswa March 16, 1893 by Justice of the Peace J.M. Ferguson of Manning. Mrs. Kelting was born February 17, 1872, in Chicago.

The couple first moved to a 160 acre farm at Bloomfield, Nebraska, which was owned by Henry Rohr, a brother-in-law of Kelting. In 1905, the couple moved to Manning, and owned the Lorenz Kelting Saloon. The family lived in rooms above the tavern, which was located north of a livery barn. Kelting installed a hand-pulled elevator which was used to carry sandwiches prepared upstairs, to be served at the tavern.

About 1911, they moved into a house that was located outside of town on prairie land. The house was later moved to 23 Ann Street. A daughter, Mrs. Grover (Emma) Bartels lives there today.

Mr. and Mrs. Kelting had nine children, two of whom died in infancy. The others were Henry, Mrs. Lawrence (Lorena) Webb, Mrs. Henrietta Iselin White, Mrs. Cletus (Christine) McMahon, Mrs. Emil (Anna) Dammann, Esther and Mrs. Bartels.

Mr. Kelting died June 26, 1933 and Mrs. Kelting died August 26, 1943.


Continued from page 337

Ohde Funeral Home - since 1905

Continued from page 338


Mrs. Margaret Elizabeth Kenyon came to Manning with her two daughters, Angie and Ella, from a farm in Tama County in 1882. She was divorced from her husband, George W. Kenyon. Their two sons, Charles Clinton and Byron, moved with their father to Geneva, Nebraska.

Ella, the youngest daughter, died of Bright's Disease while in her teens. Angie graduated from Manning High School and taught country school several years. She then met and married Wm. B. Parrott, a young actor with a stock company. Mr. Parrott later went with Prudential Insurance Company, but in a short time decided to go into the poultry and egg business in Manning. The business was a great success and he formed several branch plants over northwest Iowa, besides the main plant here which employed 150 people at one time.

In 1893, at 21 years of age, Charles Clinton came to help support his mother. A local barber, Art Sixton, taught him the barber trade. But Clint, as he was generally known, went back to barber in Geneva, Nebraska. While there he married Mae Flick in 1903 and they came to live in Manning. He bought the Sixton barber shop which he ran for over 50 years. He moved the shop several times in 1912, to remain finally in a location on Main Street until he retired in 1943.

Clint and Mae had two children, Clyde L. and Ruth O. Clyde is married to Viola C. Christensen, a daughter of Chris J. Christensen who was better known as "Chris Butter Maker'.", and Anna M. Anderson Christensen. Ruth died as a result of an auto accident in 1961. She was married to Jack Peters who preceded her in death.

Angie and W.B. Parrott had one daughter, Ola K. Parrott, who married Lionel M. Surridge. They had one daughter, Pattie Leuth.

Clyde Kenyon moved back to Manning in 1973 after 44 years in Des Moines. He spent 27 of these years as a practicing barber and 17 as a State and National officer in the barber industry.


When cattle were run on the open range, which ran almost from Carroll, Audubon, Irwin, to Westside. Much was government owned prairie land. Farmers branded their cattle, and brought them to this range for herding from early summer until fall, herdsmen such as the Hocketts and Ed Johnson were paid from five to eight cents a head for their work.

In the fall, the cattle were driven to corrals -one at Westside, another at Botna, and another south of Manning -- where the farmers sorted out their cattle by the brands, and took them home.

Hay was also made off the government land.

---Lester Wiese

Corner Cafe -- Sharon & Tom McDonald Williams

Continued from page 339


Meryl and Imelda Kerkhoff, who farm 33/4 miles south of the Manning Community School, have seven children. Marty and his wife Deb (Settle) have two children, Jared and Karl, and live near Manning; Keith and Caroline (Dreier) live near Botna; Mary, her husband John Bertlesen and their daughter Amy live near Audubon; Joel lives at Glenwood; Ron is a 1980 graduate of Manning High School; Dan is a ninth grader and Scott is in fifth grade at Manning.

The family are members of the Sacred Heart Church, and Mrs. Meryl Kerkhoff is presently a Regent of the Catholic Daughters Court of Our Lady of Fatima No. 1492. Meryl is a member of the Knights of Columbus at Templeton.

Meryl, a veteran of the Korean War, is a member of the Manning American Legion and VFW Posts. He is also a ,member of the Manning Chamber of Commere.

In addition to farming, Meryl has been an auctioneer in Manning since 1957 and sells real estate. He is a member of the State of Iowa and National Association of Auctioneers.



Mr. and Mrs. Fredrich Kienapfel

Mr. and Mrs. Fredrich Wilhelm Kienapfel came from Germany to Atlantic, Iowa, June, 1882. He worked on the railroad for several years and then moved to a farm in Audubon County in 1892. They retired to Manning in 1913 and their home in Manning is still occupied by a granddaughter, Margie Kienapfel.

Mr. Kienapfel was born in Hagnau, Ost Prussen, Germany, in 1843. He was one of a family of three children. Mrs. Kienapfel (Justina Kolass) was born in the same province as her husband in 1855. Due to a fall, Mrs. Kienapfel spent the last ten years of her life in a wheel chair. The couple died within eleven days of one another in December, 1928.

Their only son, Fredrich Otto Kienapfel, was born in Germany, June 2, 1881, and spent his first birthday on board ship coming to America. He, along with his parents, lived on a farm in Audubon County and attended schools in Atlantic. On January 11, 1911, he was married to Caroline (Ploen) Kienapfel. They farmed for several years in Audubon County, then moved to a farm 4 1/2 miles southeast of Manning and moved to Manning in 1919. They were the parents of four children. A son, William, died in infancy. A daughter Dorothy and her husband, Tom Sharp, live on a farm 7 1/2 miles west of Manning. Their children are William and wife Connie (Benton) Sharp, daughter Mrs. Ron Evilsizer (Carole), and son Donald and wife Gloria (Jahn) Sharp. Donald spent four years in the Air Force, one year of which was spent in Thailand. The Sharps also have three grandchildren, Rhonda and Julie Evilsizer, and Christopher Sharp.

A son Harold J. (Hip) Kienapfel and wife Eileen (Peters) Kienapfel have a son, Bruce and wife Nancy (De Stigter), and a daughter, Mrs. Guy Vander Linden (Lana).

Harold Kienapfel served in the armed forces for five years. He entered in 1941 and served in north Italy and Germany. He was commissioned to rank of Captain. He received the honor of Small Business Advocate of the year in 1977 for the four states' region 7 of the Small Business Administration. He is the Executive Director of New Hope Village in Carroll at the present time. Harold's grandchildren are Linda and Kai Li Kienapfel.

A daughter, Margie Kienapfel, has been employed by the Manning Telephone Company for 30 years.


Picking corn by hand. It took 100 ears to make a bushel, so we counted the ears. There was a special kind of rhythm to the method, with one ear hitting the bang board, another hitting the floor, with the sound repeated over and over.

Ralph Sailer, father of Ralph Sailer of Aspinwall, had a horse which could pull a load of 50 bushels. Only big work horses could do that.

The best ears were saved in a box on the side of the corn picking wagon. They were dried, and then stacked in rows in a bedroom or a spare room in the upstairs of the house. In the winter, the family all helped to shell this corn by hand, which was to be used for seed for the following season. Only the even kernels were saved, not the ends.

We never bought seed corn in those days. Now, it costs $40 to $60 a bushel and more, for seed corn.

--Charley Gruhn

Continued from page 340


John Kienast Family
Maynard, Harvey, Mr. and Mrs. John Kienast, Elmer, LeRoy and Leland

John Kienast, son of August and Barbara UIlerich Kienast, and Emma Braun, daughter of August and Henrietta Gruhn Braun, were married Jan. 12, 1922, in Minot, North Dakota. They farmed near Gray and later bought a farm three and three-fourths miles south of Manning. They retired to Manning in 1958. John passed on Nov. 11, 1976, and Emma now lives in the Manning Plaza. They raised six sons: Gilbert, deceased, Harvey, Elmer, Maynard, LeRoy and Leland. John and all five boys served in the armed forces.

Harvey, married to LaVonne Schmoldt, lives in Burlington and has five children: Vicky, Mrs. Randall Lee, Morning Sun, Iowa; Linda, Mrs. Richard McClellan, is in Germany where her husband is stationed with the armed forces; Ronald, married, lives in LaHarpe, III.; John, married, lives in Burlington; and Lori, Mrs. Paul Mathias, is also of Burlington.

Elmer, married to the former Audrey Massman, lives in Arion and has three children; Jim, married and living in Vermont; Danny lives in Denison; and Janine, Mrs. Dick Siemer, lives near Dow City.

Maynard, married to Eleanor Lowcock, has four children: Dwight, married; Kathy, Mrs. Dennis Bolinski; and Amy and Davy at home. They all reside in Indianola.

LeRoy is married to the former Donna Rae Strathman. Donna is the daughter of Clara and Lee Strathman, formerly of Manning. They had three children: Pam, deceased; Penny; and Rick, who attends college in Long Beach. They all reside in Long Beach, California.

Leland, married to Genelle Kruse, resides on a farm southwest of Manning. They have two sons: Tim, married to Joni Siepker, is attending Iowa State and will farm south of Manning; Bary also attends Iowa State at Ames.

Hoffmann Lumber Co. -- Robert & Harold Hoffmann